The UNDP CEDRO project has hired international experts to undergo a study on the techno-economic viability of Photovoltaic (PV) farms in Lebanon.
As Lebanon benefits from over 300 days of sunshine, one of the most promising renewable energy options is solar energy, therefore utilizing solar irradiance measurement from the various CEDRO sites; the international experts on PV farms compiled the assessment. Case studies from CEDRO projects were used to gather more information on the current energy situation in Lebanon, the grid functioning, the blackouts, the brown outs, and the intermittence of the diesel run generators. Furthermore, the PV performance in the Lebanese setting has been reviewed using the monitored data to feature learnt lessons in this report and evaluate potential for enhancement.
The report sets out the basic technical design considerations, criterion, parameters, and various implications of photovoltaic plants in Lebanon.
The study focused on technical parameters consisting of: characterization of plants and their components covering the panels, switchgears, structures and standards. It goes on to cover the site assessment and sizing for the PV, the environmental and safety considerations to take into account in the design phases, as well as regulatory and planning issues. A financial model is included for interested experts that can be manipulated; three financial scenarios were developed with their respective levelized costs ranging from $c12 / KWh to $c23/KWh and their respective payback periods between 6 and 10 years.