The UNDP-CEDRO project launched a technical workshop and guideline report on environmental impact assessment for wind farms development in Lebanon.
The guideline report indicates the relevant issues to address when doing an EIA for a wind farm. These issues range from the possible impacts on biodiversity, especially on birds and soaring birds species and bats, to noise levels, landscape management and preservation, cultural heritage and its’ preservation, and finally to public health issues related to the shadow flickering and possible electro-magnetic fields.
The areas identified in the wind atlas of Lebanon to have sufficient wind speed for wind farm development, especially in the Akkar area, are also partly areas where 36 species of soaring birds migrate north to south in the autumn season and south to north in the spring season. Mitigation measures include radar technology to monitor these birds and force the temporarily shut down of wind power during their passage.
It is hoped that any licensing requirements related to wind farm development would include, in addition to other parameters such as grid capacity and access, safety, legal status and profile of applicant, an environmental impact assessment (EIA) study and approval of findings.