Building 287B First Floor
Large scale and small scale renewable energy
Complemented with national studies
The European Union funded, UNDP implemented, ‘Sustainable Energy for Security – SE4S’ is a 3 year project 2019-2021 - focused on strengthening the security and well-being of the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF), specifically the LAF stationed in the North-Eastern border region of Lebanon. The aim of the project is the provision of sustainable energy solutions that, first and foremost, increase the LAF’s energy autonomy in the region and enhance the general energy services that achieve a higher ability to observe and carry out the respective security-based operations. These actions build, secondly, on the Lebanese Armed Forces Sustainable Energy Strategy of 2017 (EU-UNDP CEDRO 4, 2017), endorsed by the Ministry of Defense and the LAF.
The project will focus on the following initiatives:
- Solar Photovoltaic and / or small Wind Turbine with Li-Ion storage systems; 21 systems with capacities ranging between 5kWp and 20 kWp and two systems with capacities between 80 – 120kWp.
- Solar Water Heating systems; 16 systems of 700L capacities, 6 systems of 1,200L capacities and 1 system of 15,000L capacity.
- Biomass heating; expansion of an existing biomass briquetting plant to include a biomass pellet line. Furthermore, biomass briquette stoves will be installed to replace 20 existing diesel stoves for space heating and dual model (diesel / biomass pellet) boilers will be installed to replace 10 existing diesel boilers installed in facilities for centralized space heating.
- Lighting solutions; 220 solar powered street lighting poles will be installed in key areas at facilities entrances and in the Lebanese communities in the area. 220 energy efficient fence projector will be installed on the various facilities fences to ensure perimeter lighting. In addition, 17 searchlights will be installed in border facilities providing the LAF members with a long range (minimum 5km) lighting source.
- Deployable solutions; various deployable solutions are procured under this project to support the LAF team and raise security and comfort in the region.
- Energy efficiency building retrofit; two buildings of the existing regiment will undergo an envelope retrofit in an effort to improve indoor comfort and reduce need for space conditioning.
The CEDRO 4 project is a three-years (2014-2016) European Union (EU) funded project aiming to continue the on-going assistance provided by the UNDP to the Government of Lebanon to develop and implement a national sustainable energy strategy and action plans to mitigate climate change, in line with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for Lebanon (2010 – 2014), and in line with the Millennium Development Goal 7 (MDG 7) of achieving environmental sustainability.
CEDRO 4 work will focus on supporting the following development objectives:
- Support the Ministry of Finance to lessen public and private financial burdens related to energy expenditure, reducing therefore income burden and increasing security of supply.
- Support the Ministry of Energy and Water to promote renewable energy up to 12% of the energy mix by 2020 and increase energy efficiency by 5%.
- Promote small-scale renewable energy sources through demonstration projects, capacity building and awareness-raising on the one hand, and analysis on renewable energy resources in terms of potential and policy recommendations.
- Enhance the drive towards a green economy, creating new ‘green’ jobs, particularly through engaging the private sector.
The CEDRO 4 project will emphasize on the following activities:
- Renewable energy and energy efficiency applications, up-scaled on the one hand (>100 kWp), and targeting new sectors (particularly the commercial and industrial sectors)
- Implementing a low-carbon village
- Bioenergy application (for heating) from forestry residues
- Renewable energy policy support, planning and analysis
- Capacity building, awareness raising, and marketing
The CEDRO 4 project builds on the previous 3 phases of CEDRO (2007-2013) where more than 100 renewable energy applications have been demonstrated nation-wide, ranging from photovoltaic (PV) and microwind systems, to large-scale solar hot water (SHW), pico-hydro, and ground source heat pump projects, as well as building on assessments for various renewable energy resources (e.g. wind atlas, bioenergy strategy, hydro from non-river sources…).
The CEDRO 1,2,3 projects were funded by a grant from the Government of Spain and/or the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development (AECID) through the Lebanon Recovery Fund (LRF). CEDRO 1,2,3 worked in close partnership with the Ministry of Energy and Water, the Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC) and in coordination with the Ministry of Finance and the Council for Development and Reconstruction.
Lebanon is facing a major crisis in terms of large numbers of refugees fleeing the war in Syria, and finding shelter within Lebanese cities and towns across the country. The influx of refugees is adding pressure on the existing social and infrastructure of Lebanon which is already in a delicate state but certain areas have been more stressed than others; some villages in the South, North and the Bekaa valley.
The project aims at strengthening the communities’ resilience in the form of supporting them in meeting basic local needs in terms of energy supply and consumption. Energy was already a major problem in Lebanon even before the Syrian crisis. Now it has augmented with this crisis, where at least 9-12 hours of blackout occurs per day, and the delivery of hot water is not guaranteed.
The UNDP, through its Energy and Environment Programme, is working with the UNHCR to support Lebanese Host communities in the Akkar region.
The project is focusing on installing different types of renewable energy technologies in the region. Systems include photovoltaic street lighting, small-PV generation systems for household lighting, and solar hot water systems for facilities to deliver basic hot water for bathing and washing.
Work on the second phase is breaking ground through a fund replenishment from the Saudi Fund for Development. This phase will focus on implementing full scale Photovoltaic systems for 5 clinics in the North of Lebanon, mainly Akkar. Futhermore, and due to the excessive blackouts experienced in the region and the poor infrstructure, additional indoor and outdoor solar powered street lighting and kits will be installed in shortlisted villages and various household beneficiaries.
Lebanon Recovery Fund (LRF) and German Government Fund
The project is financed by the German Government via the Lebanon Recovery Fund (LRF) to support Lebanese Host Communities in both Akkar and the Bekaa. This project focuses on both Akkar and Bekaa and is intended for the provision of sustainable lighting and heating to the host communities. The installations include: a) Small-scale Photovoltaic systems for household lighting and environmentally sustainable briquette stoves and briquette supply to warm a 100m2 room on average.
The United Nations Development Programme, in support of the Ministry of Energy and Water, has initiated the implementation of the CEDRO 5 project, which is funded by the European Union. The CEDRO 5 project, a 4 year project 2019 – 2023 - is implemented in partnership with the Association of Lebanese Industrialists (ALI), The Lebanon Green Building Council (LGBC), and the International Renewable Energy Credits (I-REC) Institution.
The European Commission (EC) is encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship in Lebanon to support a clean energy transition. The overall aim of the EC is to address job creation and growth in support of Lebanon's economy, in line with the first priority sector of the Single Support Framework for EU Support to Lebanon (2017-2020), while supporting Climate Change Mitigation in Lebanon. The specific objective is to promote innovation, entrepreneurship and job creation in support of Lebanon's clean energy transition and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for the energy sector. The EC proposes the gradual shift towards a clean energy transition (gradual phasing out from fossil fuels by switching to renewable energy sources) and circular economy principles, paving the way for (1) tapping into the potential for green jobs and growth (in particular in the energy sector), (2) alleviating financial and economic burden of the current energy system on the various sectors and sub-sectors of Lebanon, (3) facilitating access to financing, and (4) improving the linkages amongst green entrepreneurship, small-and-medium sized enterprises (SMEs), industries and research/technology centers.
The CEDRO 5 project aims to achieve the objectives outlined above through enhancing innovation, entrepreneurship and research , assisting in technology transfer and the creation of new value chains in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector, supporting and initiating enabling policy, training and capacity building, and targeting effective awareness initiatives on renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE).
The Support Resilience in Time of Crisis: Increase Availability of Energy at the Local Level Project is funded by the Government of Netherlands and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with the Ministry of Energy and Water.
The project’s objective is to increase the implementation of solar photovoltaic and/or other renewable energy projects within Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO), Community-based Organizations, or public sector, having a social impact or serving a social cause, located within the 251 most vulnerable communities in Lebanon, as a medium-term approach to reducing the impact of the Syrian crisis on the most vulnerable portion of the population and is in line with the Lebanon Crisis Response Plan for 2017 - 2020.
The project will focus on the following initiatives:
- Solar Photovoltaic – Diesel Hybrid implementation with or without battery back up in facilities with social impact in capacities ranging from 25 to 600 kWp depending on the facility’s demand profile.
- Biogas implementation from cow manure on and off grid in two facilities with capacities of approximately 30 kWe each.
- Low voltage transformer in 6 districts hosting Syrian refugees and suffering from the degradation of the network quality
The project builds on the previous 4 phases of CEDRO (2007-2017) where more than 100 renewable energy applications have been demonstrated nation-wide, ranging from photovoltaic (PV) – small and large scale - and microwind systems, to large-scale solar hot water (SHW), pico-hydro, and ground source heat pump projects, as well as building on assessments for various renewable energy resources (e.g. wind atlas, bioenergy strategy, hydro from non-river sources…).
The MEDSOLAR (Machrek Energy Development - Solar) project is an energy project funded by ENPI CBC Mediterranean Seas Basin Joint Operational Programme, adopted by the European Commission, and is implemented in partnership with the following institutions; TramaTecnoAmbiental (TTA), Polytechnical University of Catalonia (UPC), Spanish Association for the Internationalization and Innovation of Solar Companies (SOLARTYS), French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Energy Research Centre - An - Najah National University (ERC),United Nations Development Programme, Lebanon, and the National Centre for Research and Development / Energy Research Programme (NERC) - Jordan.
MEDSOLAR aims at the promotion and implementation of innovative technologies and know-how transfer in the field of solar energy, particularly PV systems. In the target countries; Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine, the weakness of the grid, in terms of blackouts and brownouts, undermines security of supply in the critical facilities and in small and medium size industries. For these institutions existing expensive diesel generators make up for the times that the grid is not present. The introduction of a novel photovoltaic (PV) - national grid - diesel grid architecture (with possibility of battery storage to secure the time between a blackout and the turning of the generator) is important to be set up so that the commercial sector in the country can begin the integration of PV systems, saving on grid and diesel costs.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Implementing Agency in Lebanon, through the CEDRO project, in partnership with the Ministry of Energy and Water, the Execution Entity, are responsible for the implementation of pilot projects with a capacity of between 50 - 100KWp each.